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The presidential election for 2016 is over!
So it’s time to talk about a different kind of election, the election of sinners by God to salvation. Andy shares the five points of Calvinism and Arminianism, the two common theological systems that are debated and compared when discussing God’s role in salvation. But then the curveball comes, the Lutheran position on election is presented, a position which rarely discussed in the predestination debate among Christians. The Lutheran understanding of single-predestination is by far a different election from Calvin’s double-predestination.
Some show notes:
Five Points of Calvinism
T – otal Depravity
U – nconditional Election
L – imited Atonement
I – irresistible Grace
P – reservation of the Saints
Five Points of Arminianism
- Free-will, human-ability
- Conditional Election (Election is Foreknowledge)
- General Atonement (Objective Justification)
- The Holy Spirit can be resisted.
- Falling from Grace
Lutherans hold to 1.5 points of Calvinism and 3 Points of Arminianism–
Total Depravity and Predestination for Salvation
General Atonement, Grace is Resistible, and Falling from Faith
We are saved by grace through faith.
Faith is not our work but the work of the Holy Spirit.
1 Corinthians 12:3
Ephesians 2:5 “God makes us alive.”
We are incapable of deciding to have faith.
1 Corinthians 12:3
Ephesians 2:1 “We are dead in our sins and trespasses.”
John 6:441 Corinthians 2:14 “The man without the Spirit does not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him, and he cannot understand them because they are spiritually discerned.”
Any verse about being born again indicates this also, for what role do we play in our natural birth? None!
Since faith is purely a gift of God and we play no role in our conversion, then it could be assumed that God then chooses who will be saved, and also chooses who will not be saved.
Here’s what Scripture says on the matter:
God elects/predestines to salvation!
Ephesians 1:3-13, 4:3-5
Ephesians 2:4-5 “God made us alive (spiritually).
2 Timothy 1:8-9
It is the will of God that no man should perish!
1 Timothy 1:3-4
2 Peter 3:8-9