Sin – From Scripture

This is largely a brief outline of Chapter 7 of Called to Believe: An Introduction to Christian Doctrine, edited by Steven P. Mueller.

Historical Origin of Sin

Was there evil in God’s creation as he completed his work of creating? 

Genesis 1:31

So what happened to God’s perfect creation? 

Revelation 12:7-9
2 Peter 2:4

So who first sinned? 

When did humanity first sin (The Fall)? 

Genesis 3:1-7

Who is to blame? 

Who shares responsibility?

Genesis 3:12-13

Does God share responsibility in the Fall?

Could we say God allow the Fall?  Could we say God caused the Fall? 

Was the Fall a Fall Up or a Fall Down? 

What did humanity lose in the Fall? 

Original Sin

What was the first sin?

Genesis 3:6 – “When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it.”

Doubt = Unbelief

What was the result of that sin?

Romans 5:19 — “through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners.”

Psalm 14:3 — “there is no one who does good, not even one.”

John 3:6 – “flesh gives birth to flesh”

Sin was passed down from parent to child (Inherited Sin)

Sin is not simply an action; it is a condition!

Original Sin is the sinfulness inherited in our conception.

Genesis 8:21 – “every inclination of his heart is evil from childhood”

Psalm 51:5 – “Surely, I was sinful at birth, sinful from the time my mother conceived me.”

Romans 5:19 – “through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners.”

Psalm 14:3 – “there is no one who does good, not even one.”

Actual Sins

Original Sin – Objective. A sinful state.

Actual Sin – Subjective. Sinful acts.

Galatians 5:19-21 – “Now the works of the flesh are evident: sexual immorality, impurity, sensuality, 20 idolatry, sorcery, enmity, strife, jealousy, fits of anger, rivalries, dissensions, divisions, 21 envy, drunkenness, orgies, and things like these. I warn you, as I warned you before, that those who do such things will not inherit the kingdom of God.”

Actual sins are the product of original sin.

What is sin?

1 John 3:4 – “Everyone who sins breaks the law; in face, sin is lawlessness.”

2 Peter 2:8 – “lawless deeds”

               So, whose Law is being broken? 

Sins of Commission and Sins of Omission

Exodus 20:1-17 (Commission)

James 4:17 (Omission)

Sins of Thought, Word, and Deed

Matthew 5:22  (Thought, Emotion)

Matthew 12:36-37 (Words)

  1. John 3:15 (Deed)

The Causes of Sin

The Devil

Revelation 12:9

John 13:2

The World

Matt 18:7

1 John 2:16        

The Flesh (Sinful Human Nature)

Matt 15:19

James 1:14

Gal 5:19

Not God!!!

1 John 1:5 – “God is light; in him there is no darkness at all”

1 John 2:16

Consequences of Sin

Sin Separates

Man from Man

Man from God

Temporal Consequences

Divine Punishment (God hates sin)

Chastisement that leads to forgiveness

Consequences for the act itself

Eternal Consequences

Eternal Separation from God

The Ultimate Consequence of Sin – Death

Temporal, Physical Death

Romans 5:12 – “sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned”

Romans 6:23 – “the wages of sin is death”

Spiritual Death

Ephesians 2:1 – “you were dead in your transgressions and sins”

Eternal Death

Revelation 20:14 – “second death”

What does this mean for all of us?

Sin was like the opening of Pandora’s Box

Sin brought everything evil, bad, and sad into the world

Pain, Suffering, and ultimately Death

Homosexual Marriage… What does the Bible say?

I received the following email from one, Joshua Suh:

It seems like the last two videos were about love? Is this in correlation to valentines day coming up?! hahah, what does contradict say about gay love? Not that I’m gay or condone gay marriage, it’s always so relevant though, this whole, ” progression” “down with the ignorant conservative” movement, but I would be interested in hearing contradicts opinion from a biblical perspective, aside from all the political banter, just biblical facts. It often happens people quote or misunderstand Bible Verses.. out of context about homosexual marriages! There is always the Inner ” Christian Circle” argument” between Christians who support gays and christians who don’t, which doesn’t really help our case if we can’t agree upon it ourselves..): But what would Contradict say about this?!!

gay marriage

What stood out to me was that he didn’t want to hear any politics, just biblical facts.

  1. On Judging – First, I have heard it said a lot that we shouldn’t judge others.  People who say this are likely getting this view from Matthew 7:1, which says, “Judge not, that you be not judged.”  When more of chapter 7 is read we see that, “For with the judgment you pronounce you will be judged, and with the measure you use it will be measured to you. Why do you see the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out of your eye,’ when there is the log in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother’s eye.”  This shows that we can judge others, only after we have addressed our own sins first.  If you notice, the judging in that situation is done with the goal of helping your brother remove the speck from his eye.  Matthew 7 also falls with the Sermon on the Mount which is leading us to see that none of us righteous enough to enter heaven.  We all need a Savior!  This means we can’t throw judgment upon others, while claiming that we are righteous on account of our own merit.
  2. Marriage in the Bible – Marriage is established in Genesis Chapter 2 at the creation of humanity as a relationship between a man and a wife.  Genesis 2:18, 21-24 reads:

The Lord God said, ‘It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him’…and while he was sleeping, he took one of the man’s ribs and closed up the place with flesh.

Then the Lord God made a woman from the rib he had taken out of the man, and he brought her to the man. The man said, ‘This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called ‘woman,’ for she was taken out of man.’ For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and they will become one flesh.

3. Homosexuality is a Sin – I pulled the following verses from a John MacArthur article that shows God opposing homosexuality throughout all of his Word to us:

– In the patriarchs (Genesis 19:1-28)

In the Law of Moses (Leviticus 18:22; 20:13)

In the Prophets (Ezekiel 16:46-50)

In the New Testament (Romans 1:18-27; 1 Corinthians 6:9-10; Jude 7-8)

Of these I often cite, Leviticus 18:22 from the Old Testament, to show that homosexuality is a sin, which says, “You shall not lie with a male as one lies with a female; it is an abomination,”  and I quote Romans 1:22-27, which I recommend all of you to look up and read directly.

Consider supporting my Kickstarter project for my second book, GP – God’s Promise.  The fundraising is all or nothing for meeting my goal and the deadline is July 15th, 2019.  Thanks.

4. Division among Christians – Josh mentioned that there are divisions among Christians on this issue.  I firmly believe that if all the passages listed above are read, it’s unavoidable to come to the conclusion that God sees homosexual activity as sinful.  As we share God’s standard with others, I think we need to approach it as Jesus commanded, by removing the log from our own eye first.  We all have lusted, which means we all have committed adultery in our hearts (Matthew 5:27-28).  We all need a Savior and we all must come to repentance.  We all have sins that we will struggle with throughout this life.  The struggle against sin is a sign that we have faith in Christ.  Hebrews 10:26-29 says:

 If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is left,  but only a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of God.  Anyone who rejected the law of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses.  How much more severely do you think someone deserves to be punished who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, who has treated as an unholy thing the blood of the covenant that sanctified them, and who has insulted the Spirit of grace?